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Alberto de Rosa, English

Digitalisation and reindustrialisation, more lessons from this crisis

23 abril, 2020 • By

Last Friday I was interviewed on Cadena Ser by Amadeo Salvador and Arturo Blay, with whom I talked about the importance of global strategies when facing healthcare crises like COVID-19, how this worldwide emergency has proven that we need digital technology and the importance of undertaking an urgent reindustrialisation in Spain. As I have said in this interview and in similar statements that I made in the Levante-EMV newspaper and several blogposts, this worldwide pandemic has allowed us to prove that we can do many things very well without being physically present. Also, not having the resources to produce all the necessary supplies in Spain, at a time like this, has been detrimental. We should not leave two areas such as industrialisation and research completely in the hands of other countries, so that we can always have our own resources, when necessary.

– Journalist: What is the first thing that comes to mind when you realise that unfortunately in the Community of Valencia we have already had 1,000 deaths due to COVID-19?
We are facing the first pandemic of the 21st Century. And, unfortunately, I hope that we learn consequences from this new disease and the challenge we are facing for the future. But we are definitely living through a dramatic tragedy. 

– Does the fact that Germany invests three times more in healthcare than Spain have to do with their country being less affected than us?
Many conclusions must be drawn. First, it is affecting the northern hemisphere much more than the southern hemisphere. I am really worried about what is going to happen in less-developed countries when southern winter starts. This week, at Ribera Salud and in collaboration with the World Bank, we have had the opportunity to explain to 150 government, public and private institutions the experience we have had facing this situation. Because, from the point of view of solidarity and sharing knowledge, we realise that this is a global epidemic and we must respond globally and share experiences. Right now, Europe has become the epicentre of this pandemic. And, more or less, collective decisions have been made. Which I think is very important: creating this kind of collective strategies and organisations. 

Some countries have decided to perform massive testing from the beginning. Which means numbers do not add up, they have many cases but an exceptionally low mortality rate. In Spain, we may possibly have more cases than we officially recognise, precisely due to the lack of massive testing. Something that we are now trying to correct. 

– Have there been warnings in recent history? Where there precedents that could have made us suspect that this could happen?
There have been other cases of warnings by the World Health Organization with SARS, and other cases that were stopped. Because that virus did not have the same characteristics as this one. I would say that it is a virus that spreads easily. And that is something that was possibly unknown or could not have been foreseen at the beginning of the disease. Only China, the source of it, was able to contain it by isolating the entire region of Wuhan. 

But it has spread very quickly because it is easily transmitted. It also has a peculiar development, in that there are no standard parameters, or at least, to date, they are unknown. And it affects people who initially seem to have similar physical conditions very differently. Some are much more intensely affected than others. And we have cases of young people who are seriously compromised. And children are hardly affected. It has focused on adults. 

In our case, for example, we know that we are in four autonomous communities. We have seen the mortality rate of all the people that have died in our hospitals, 90% of them are over 70 years old. And, for example, 75% are men, which is also something that should be studied. 


– Should national industry be strengthened so that we do not run out supplies?
In an article I wrote a few days ago, I was saying that one of the lessons we must learn from this situation is that we must strengthen global organisations. It is obvious that the virus does not distinguish between regions, borders or ideologies. If we want to provide an effective response, we must do so globally. And coordinating country strategies, especially among European countries, is essential. But we must also think about the future. For example, we must invest more in digital technology. Now we are trying out how organisations can be connected without being physically present. Investing in digital technology can be a good lesson. 

Regarding reindustrialisation, we have realised that not having solutions within the country, at a time like now, has left us at times defenceless to get essential supplies to ensure the safety of our professionals and citizens. Therefore, this service economy that we have developed has perhaps proven that, at this time, it should be reformulated in favour of reindustrialisation. 

And a third topic that I find really interesting: if we want to be a leading country, we must invest in research. And not depend on third parties, but have enough independence. These are the three lessons I think we should focus on moving forward. 


– What do you think about the statements that have been made about public healthcare?
I feel like a manager of public healthcare and I think it must be taken seriously. I would like for the people who write headlines about public healthcare without really understanding how it works, to think more about experts and technicians for once. And less about slogans, populism, and idioms. We have a strong public healthcare in Spain because it has great professionals, who are the real heroes of this story. And within public healthcare, which we value so much now that we are in a crisis, what we can and must do is talk about how to make it more effective. I think we have proven that we must be very fast and search for very flexible formulas to be able to face a crisis. 

And if we want to be strong enough within the healthcare world to face these situations and the challenges of the 21st Century, we must not forget ageing or chronicity. And learn to combine forces… Combine the resources of the Administration, the State, the Government as well as private resources. And we must not be afraid of realising that right now we are all together. Public healthcare managed by the Government, by companies like ours and private healthcare, all working hand in hand. It is a good example for the future. The fact that we can work together towards a goal, which is to provide citizens a better service. 

– Do you think that we have taken advantage of all the elements that private healthcare can offer?

It depends on the situation. For example, in Madrid and Catalonia, where the crisis has been greater, there has been a single authority, called “Plan 102”, where public, private, and public-private resources, which is what we are, had exactly the same value. Because there was an urgent need to do so. In the Catalan system, where historically the public and state-subsidised sectors often work collectively, no issues have arisen, and they have worked well together. In the Community of Valencia, we considered the need to work together. But fortunately, the system has not become overrun as many managers feared. And the intense collaboration with the private sector that was expected has not been necessary. 

I think this is positive because it has not been necessary. But we appreciate and recognise that all the private clinics have been at the disposal of the Healthcare Department. 


– What do you think about the fact that many people have stopped going to PHC clinics, or self-medicate, or A&E Departments are quite empty…?
At all our centres in the Community of Valencia we are doing many virtual consultations with other specialities. Many have preferred to stay home to follow the recommendations, because they do not want to risk becoming infected and have preferred to not come to hospital. But that does not mean that the tools are not in place. This is why I insist on investing in digital technology. We have a health portal called “Yo Salud” [My Health]. We are amazed by how its use has increased among citizens to stay in touch with hospital and PHC professionals, with a 900% increase this month. 


Before we had 100 consultations, now they have been multiplied by 9. Therefore, one lesson is that, obviously, there are serious diseases where you definitely have to go to the A&E department. But for communication about chronic diseases, going to the physician is not indispensable, although being in touch with them is. And we must promote formulas such as digitalisation. 

– Spain has a lot of fibre optics, but digitalisation is more than that, right?
These are discussions that come up in recent years. Seeing how we can improve citizen-patient communication, not only with physical visits, which are essential. But also, in cases like high blood pressure, being able to send your physician a message saying “Hey, I don’t feel well but I’ve taken my blood pressure, here are the results” and for your physician to reply… We must promote that closeness in communication and being more in contact. 

This is another challenge that the crisis is bringing to the table. And now, when they were announcing the data, I remembered something essential: the necessary relationship between the hospital and healthcare sector in general and the social sector. We have been talking about social-healthcare space for years. And perhaps this crisis has made us realise that we have focused all our attention on the healthcare sector, especially on how to strengthen hospitals to respond to this crisis. And care in nursing homes has been overlooked. Unfortunately, we are seeing tragic data. But now is the time to think about that idea of social-healthcare space. 

– Could the system collapse when this current crisis is over because of everything that is not being treated?
We are starting to look into how to set ourselves in motion again. Because we have already overcome this critical phase where it was difficult to foresee what would happen the following week, we had to be ready for the worse outcome and we have been focused on getting by day-to-day. 

Now that we are not absolutely obsessed by this, we must start thinking about what happens after the crisis. And we are working with a concept that is very important: working with the maximum safety for our professionals and our patients. Because we must move forward. And that is something that I am also insisting on many times: on doing massive testing. Because, when we are sitting next to each other, we need to know who is asymptomatic and who has had the disease to try to lead as normal a life as possible. That is why we must insist time and again on doing massive testing. 

This is the link to the full interview on Cadena Ser, in case you find it interesting:

Alberto de Rosa, Opinión

El valor de lo local

20 marzo, 2020 • By

Vamos a cumplir la primera semana desde que el Gobierno decretó el estado de alarma, y ciudadanos y organizaciones nos estamos esforzando en adaptarnos a esta circunstancia excepcional. Todos estamos escribiendo una línea en la Historia de la gestión de esta pandemia mundial, la primera del siglo XXI.

Cada ciudadano interpreta en esta situación el papel que le ha tocado: los profesionales sanitarios, las farmacias y los investigadores, como primera línea en la batalla contra el coronavirus; trabajadores de servicios básicos como limpieza, transporte, alimentación o las fuerzas de seguridad, ayudando a que la vida no se detenga por completo. Y las administraciones, cada una en su esfera. El Gobierno Central intenta unificar políticas, recopilar información diaria sobre el número de casos y dar instrucciones y recomendaciones de carácter general, mientras los gobiernos regionales, responsables de la gestión de la Sanidad en cada territorio alimentan esa cadena de información, aplican criterios que vienen de arriba y toman las decisiones necesarias, al tiempo que nos las transmiten a los diferentes gestores de la Sanidad.

No me cabe duda de que todos trabajamos en la misma línea, en pos de la máxima colaboración entre las instituciones, pensando que esta batalla vamos a ganarla todos juntos.

Sin embargo, creo que hay un actor que es fundamental en esta crisis, por la importancia que tiene como un agente de salud y de cercanía con los ciudadanos. Me refiero a los ayuntamientos. La importancia que en situaciones como ésta cobran los servicios sociales municipales y su contacto con las personas mayores y los grupos más vulnerables y en riesgo de exclusión;  o la Policía local, imprescindible para garantizar el aislamiento social, es una realidad que deberíamos poner en valor en un momento de máxima tensión social, por la situación que afrontamos y la que queda por llegar. 

Y no pensemos solo en los ayuntamientos de las grandes ciudades. Cuanto más pequeña es una población, más importante es el papel de la administración local, por su contacto directo con los ciudadanos, porque es a ellos a quienes recurren para plantear dudas y preocupaciones y reclamar servicios. Estos pequeños ayuntamientos no suelen tener la posibilidad de aplicar el teletrabajo, y de ahí que estos trabajadores públicos sean también héroes en esta crisis. 

En Ribera Salud siempre hemos pensado que una de las principales misiones que tenemos como responsables de la salud de los ciudadanos es trabajar mano a mano con la comunidad a la que servimos. Y para ello, no hay mejor fórmula que estar totalmente integrados en la vida de esa comunidad. Nos apoyamos mutuamente.

En esta línea, estoy muy orgulloso porque nada más empezar esta crisis sanitaria hemos puesto en marcha una iniciativa para mejorar la comunicación directa con los ayuntamientos e intensificar la coordinación de todos los efectivos. Los gerentes de los departamentos de salud que gestiona Ribera Salud han mantenido ya las primeras reuniones por videoconferencia con los alcaldes de todos los municipios de sus áreas. Ayuntamientos tan diversos como Torrevieja, Pilar de la Horadada, Orihuela, Elche, Aspe, Crevillente, Torrejón, Daganzo, Ajalvir, entre otros, han participado en estas llamadas de coordinación. Y quiero agradecer a todos los alcaldes que han participado su compromiso, entusiasmo y colaboración, así como el enorme apoyo que nos han hecho sentir durante estos días.

En estas reuniones veo plasmados cuatro de los principios que me parecen fundamentales en una gestión de la salud del siglo XXI:

  • Comunicación entre todas las instituciones, con el objetivo de tener siempre un canal abierto para la rápida respuesta ante una eventualidad.
  • Transparencia para explicar el por qué de las decisiones y recibir cualquier sugerencia que nos permita mejorar y adaptarnos a un escenario que cambia todos los días.
  • Cercanía porque la administración local y la sanitaria son las que tienen un mejor y mayor contacto con los ciudadanos y son una fuente muy buena para recoger dudas y transmitir sugerencias.
  • Coordinación, porque creo que es muy importante que la policía local conozca de primera mano las estrategias de los hospitales o cómo está funcionando la atención primaria, y que los servicios sociales sepan que pueden recibir formación e información para hacer su trabajo con las máximas garantías de seguridad.

Todos sumamos. Cada uno de los 8.131 ayuntamientos de España cuenta para trabajar en pos del interés general. Para Ribera Salud, estar integrado en la comunidad a la que servimos va más allá de las palabras. Con estas reuniones demostramos, con una acción muy concreta, el valor de lo local en las estrategias globales de cualquier institución u organización. Cada eslabón de la cadena es importante y en esa línea seguiremos trabajando. Ahora y siempre.